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Kerosene is generally not recommended as fuel for indoor fire dancing, as it produces an unpleasant to some odor, which becomes poisonous in sufficient concentration.
Ethanol was sometimes used instead, but the flames it produces look less impressive, and its lower flash point poses a high risk.
As a petroleum product miscible with many industrial liquids, kerosene can be used as both a solvent, able to remove other petroleum products, such as chain grease, and as a lubricant , with less risk of combustion when compared to using gasoline.
It can also be used as a cooling agent in metal production and treatment oxygen-free conditions. In the petroleum industry, kerosene is often used as a synthetic hydrocarbon for corrosion experiments to simulate crude oil in field conditions.
Kerosene can be applied topically to hard-to-remove mucilage or adhesive left by stickers on a glass surface such as in show windows of stores.
It can be used to remove candle wax that has dripped onto a glass surface; it is recommended that the excess wax be scraped off prior to applying kerosene via a soaked cloth or tissue paper.
It can be used to clean bicycle and motorcycle chains of old lubricant before relubrication. It can also be used to thin oil based paint used in fine art.
Some artists even use it to clean their brushes; however, it leaves the bristles greasy to the touch. Ingestion of kerosene is harmful or fatal.
Kerosene is sometimes recommended as a folk remedy for killing head lice , but health agencies warn against this as it can cause burns and serious illness.
A kerosene shampoo can even be fatal if fumes are inhaled. People can be exposed to kerosene in the workplace by breathing it in, swallowing it, skin contact, and eye contact.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Kerogen. For other uses, see Kerosene disambiguation. Webster's New World College Dictionary.
Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 28 April Baldwin's Ohio Monthly Record. Archived from the original PDF on 28 February Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 10 June Combustion Science and Engineering.
S; Wang, Jianliang The Chinese Oil Industry: Springer published 28 November Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing.
A Heritage of Light: Lamps and Lighting in the Early Canadian Home. University of Toronto Press. Canadian Scientists and Inventors.
The American Manufacturer and Iron World. The Pennsylvania State University. Retrieved 12 December Johns Hopkins, — Williamson and others, The American Petroleum Industry: Press, , , , A Practical Treatise on Petroleum.
This reference uses "benzene" in the obsolescent generic sense of a volatile hydrocarbon mixture, now called benzine, petroleum ether, ligroin, or naphtha, rather than the modern meaning of benzene as the specific aromatic hydrocarbon C 6 H 6.
A lamp that's also a stove. Popular Science December The New York Times. Retrieved 1 December Journal of Tropical Pediatrics.
Radiological signs of pneumonia were shown in nine out of 27 patients who had chest X-rays. There was one death. However, John Butt characterized Gesner's book as " … a piece of propaganda designed to get people to believe that he had been constantly interested in inventing burning oil from to As late as , Gesner promoted his "kerosene" as an illuminating gas: Gesner, Abraham "Manufacture of illuminating-gas from bitumen" U.
In his prospectus of , Gesner repeatedly identified "kerosene" as a gas , not an oil: Gesner, Abraham "Prospectus of Gesner's patent kerosene gas, obtained from bitumen, asphaltum, or mineral pitch.
Butyl rubber Butylated hydroxytoluene 1,2-Dibromoethane 1,2-Dichloroethane Dimethyl methylphosphonate 2,4-Dimethyltert-butylphenol Dinonylnaphthylsulfonic acid 2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol Ecalene Ethylenediamine Metal deactivator Methyl tert-butyl ether Nitromethane Tetraethyllead Tetranitromethane.
Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from December Use American English from February All Wikipedia articles written in American English Articles containing Greek-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Views Read Edit View history.
Look up kerosene in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kerosene. There are three types of kerosene lamp: Kerosene lanterns meant for portable use have a flat wick and are made in dead-flame, hot-blast, and cold-blast variants.
Pressurized kerosene lamps have a gas generator and gas mantle ; these are known as Petromax , Tilley lamps , or Coleman lamps, among other manufacturers.
They produce more light per unit of fuel than wick-type lamps, but are more complex and expensive in construction and more complex to operate.
A hand-pump pressurizes air, which forces liquid fuel from a reservoir into a gas generator. Vapor from the gas generator burns, heating a mantle to incandescence and also providing heat to the gas generator.
The first description of a simple lamp using crude mineral oil was provided by Persian alchemist al-Razi Rhazes in 9th century Baghdad , who referred to it as the "naffatah" in his Kitab al-Asrar Book of Secrets.
Later made from petroleum, kerosene became a popular lighting fuel. Kerosene lamps are widely used for lighting in rural areas of Africa and Asia, where electricity is not distributed or is too costly.
Kerosene lamps consume an estimated 77 billion litres of fuel per year, equivalent to 1. A flat-wick lamp is a simple type of kerosene lamp, which burns kerosene drawn up through a wick by capillary action.
If this type of lamp is broken, it can easily start a fire. A flat-wick lamp has a fuel tank fount , with the lamp burner attached.
Attached to the fuel tank, four prongs hold the glass chimney, which acts to prevent the flame from being blown out and enhances a thermally induced draft.
The glass chimney needs a "throat", or slight constriction, to create the proper draft for complete combustion of the fuel; the draft carries more air oxygen past the flame, helping to produce a smokeless light, which is brighter than an open flame would produce.
The lamp burner has a flat wick, usually made of cotton. The lower part of the wick dips into the fount and absorbs the kerosene; the top part of the wick extends out of the wick tube of the lamp burner, which includes a wick-adjustment mechanism.
Adjusting how much of the wick extends above the wick tube controls the flame. The wick tube surrounds the wick and ensures that the correct amount of air reaches the lamp burner.
Adjustment is usually done by means of a small knob operating a cric, which is a toothed metal sprocket bearing against the wick.
If the wick is too high, and extends beyond the burner cone at the top of the wick tube, the lamp will produce smoke and soot unburned carbon. When the lamp is lit, the kerosene that the wick has absorbed burns and produces a clear, bright, yellow flame.
As the kerosene burns, capillary action in the wick draws more kerosene up from the fuel tank. All kerosene flat-wick lamps use the dead-flame burner design, where the flame is fed cold air from below, and hot air exits above.
This type of lamp was very widely used by railways, both on the front and rear of trains and for hand signals, due to its reliability. At a time when there were few competing light sources at night outside major towns, the limited brightness of these lamps was adequate and could be seen at sufficient distance to serve as a warning or signal.
A central-draught lamp, or Argand lamp , works in the same manner as the flat-wick lamp. The burner uses a wick, usually made of cotton , that is made of a wide, flat wick rolled into a tube, the seam of which is then stitched together to form the complete wick.
The tubular wick is then mounted into a "carrier", which is some form of a toothed rack that engages into the gears of the wick-raising mechanism of the burner and allows the wick to be raised and lowered.
The wick rides in between the inner and outer wick tubes; the inner wick tube central draft tube provides the "central draft" or draft that supplies air to the flame spreader.
When the lamp is lit, the central draft tube supplies air to the flame spreader that spreads out the flame into a ring of fire and allows the lamp to burn cleanly.
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